In this article, we will discuss about the importance of biodiversity (variety of species in a geographical area). We will discuss, how different species are distributed in different geographical regions and ecosystems. Several biotic and abiotic factors effect the biodiversity, such as light, temperature, climate, producers, consumers, decomposers, etc..
In the article there will be main discussion about the causes and effects of land degradation. Several factors such as deforestation for different purposes such as wood. fuel, urbanization, etc. causes the land degradation, which ultimately effect the land through destroying nutrients, minerals and other compounds present in the soil.