In this article, we will discuss about the genetic resources on the surface of earth. These resources are the genetic materials that obtained from plants, animals and other organisms, which is of potential values. These are using as the resources for the present and future generation for the purpose of research and development of life. We will discuss here about the different types of these resources and the methods of their conservation.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the genetically modified microorganisms. In the field of biotechnology, genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) are a cutting-edge technique with enormous promise for a variety of applications. From environmental cleanup to pharmaceutical manufacturing, GMMs provide a diverse platform for altering biological systems to accomplish desired results. In this article, we look at the origins, methods, and many uses of genetically engineered microbes.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the CRISPR method of molecular biology and forensic sciences. CRISPR-Cas9 (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats and CRISPR-associated protein 9) is a game-changing genetic engineering tool. It provides a precise and fast method for editing the genomes of many creatures, including humans. Understanding the principles and mechanisms behind CRISPR is critical for comprehending its potential and ramifications.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the fascinating roles of microbes in biotechnology. Microbial biotechnology explore the role of microbes in several aspects of life. In the modern era, microbes are involved in our food, health, medicines, and several others aspects. Microorganisms have been utilized for thousands of years to produce bread, beer, and wine. During World War I, classical microbial biotechnology underwent a second phase, leading to the creation of acetone-butanol and glycerol fermentation. This is followed by mechanisms that produce citric acid, vitamins, and antibiotics. In the 1970s, combining industrial microbiology with molecular biology resulted in over 40 biopharmaceutical drugs, including erythropoietin, human growth hormone, and interferon. Microbiology plays a significant role in worldwide sectors such as pharmaceuticals, food, and chemicals.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the molecular and genetic basis of respiratory diseases. Respiratory diseases are a broad category of disorders affecting the airways, lungs, and respiratory system. From chronic conditions like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, understanding the molecular and genetic underpinnings of these ailments is crucial for developing effective treatments and preventive measures.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the molecular and genetic basis of cardiovascular diseases. A variety of disorders affecting the heart and blood arteries are together referred to as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). These illnesses provide serious public health issues since they are among the world’s top causes of morbidity and death. It is essential to comprehend the many forms of CVDs in order to effectively prevent, diagnose, and treat them.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the fascinating world of whole genome assembly. The process of recreating an organism’s whole genome from brief DNA sequences produced by high-throughput sequencing methods known as whole genome assembly. These sequences, referred to as reads, each offer a snapshot of a tiny section of the genome, much like the dispersed parts of a puzzle. Scientists can recreate the full genome sequence, exposing its structure, organization, and genetic variants, by aligning and overlapping these reads.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the concept of molecular phylogenetics. Molecular phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relationships among organisms using molecular data, primarily DNA sequences. By comparing sequences of DNA, RNA, or proteins, researchers can infer the evolutionary history of organisms and construct phylogenetic trees that depict their relatedness. It is the study of evolutionary relationships of genes and other biological macromolecules by analyzing mutations at various positions in their sequences and developing hypotheses about the evolutionary relatedness of the biomolecules.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the fascinating applications of PCR. PCR has several applications in medical, clinical, industrial, pharmaceutical and research fields. Sex determination, forensic analysis, mutation detection, pharmacogenomics are some examples of real life applications of polymerase chain reaction. PCR is a technique use to amplify a specific segment of DNA, generating millions of copies from a single DNA molecule. The process involves three main steps: denaturation, annealing, and extension. These steps cycled multiple times to produce exponential amplification of the target DNA.Continue Reading

In this article, we will discuss about the types polymerase chain reaction. It is a laboratory technique use to amplify and create multiple copies of specific segment of DNA/RNA. There are several types of PCR: inverse PCR, reverse transcriptase PCR, multiplex PCR, etc. We have to move towards the different types PCR due to some demerits of traditional PCR such as non-specific binding and amplification, primer-dimer formation and various other deficiencies.Continue Reading